Antitumor Activity of an Extract of Cordyceps Sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Against Murine Tumor Cell Lines
Summary: Results suggest that the anti-tumor effect of ECS may be mediated through its immunomodulating action.
Yoshida J, Takamura S, Yamaguchi N, et al. Antitumor activity of an extract of Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. against murine tumor cell lines. Jpn J Exp Med. 1989;59(4):157‐161.
A warm water-extract (ECS) prepared from dried Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc., a Chinese traditional medicine, was tested for antitumor activity in vivo and in vitro. Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells (EAC), allogeneic to ICR mice and Meth A fibrosarcoma (Meth A), syngeneic to BALB/c mice were used as the target tumor cell lines. Mice were inoculated i.p. with 1 x 10(6) EAC or 1 x 10(5) Meth A on Day 0, and ECS or saline (control) was injected i.p. to the mice from Day 1 to Day 4. ECS-treatment increased the median survival time of the allogeneic mice inoculated with EAC to 316% of the control. Eight of the 10 ECS-treated mice survived on the 60th day (Day 60) after EAC implantation. ECS-treatment also increased the median survival time of the syngeneic mice inoculated with Meth A to 312% of the control. Half of the ECS-treated mice survived on Day 60. On the other hand, no cytotoxic effect of ECS was found on either EAC or Meth A in vitro. The antitumor effect of ECS seen in the allogeneic mice was significantly reduced when the mice received whole body X-irradiation (5 Gy) before EAC implantation. These results suggest that the antitumor effect of ECS may be mediated through its immunomodulating action.